This section contains references to resources and articles related to Fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia and surgery by Karen Lee Richards, ChronicPainConnection expert.

A Framework for Fibromyalgia Management for Primary Care Providers and Patients Written by Fibromyalgia medical and health experts from the MAYO clinic.

Lesley M. Arnold, MD; Daniel J. Clauw, MD; L. Jean Dunegan, MD, JD; and Dennis C. Turk, PhD; for the FibroCollaborative 

The Canadian Fibromyalgia Clinical Case Definition and Guidelines for Medical Practitioners (Overview) provides a comprehensive break down of the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of Fibromyalgia. While aimed at medical practitioners, many people with Fibromyalgia gain a greater understanding of their own condition from reading this document. A full version of the document is also available.

American College of Rheumatology's '2010 Preliminary diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia'.

Arthritis Victoria produce a fact sheet on Fibromyalgia. It can be accessed from their website here.

ME/CFS Australia (Victoria) support and resource a number of ME/CFS and Fibromyalgia support and self-help groups. If you are interested in being involved in one of these groups, please call the office on (03) 9791 3100 to become a member.


Fibromyalgia Information Foundation (US): Guidance for Fibromyalgia patients who are having elective surgery.

American College of Rheumatology: Fibromyalgia fact sheet.

Health.Com (US): Guide to the eight best fibromyalgia blogs and websites.

Men with Fibro

News Articles

Dellwo, A (2013) 'Early Menopause & Fibromyalgia' February 19

Frederick G Behm et al (2012) 'Unique immunologic patterns in fibromyalgia' BMC Clinical Pathology December 17

Brooks, L et al (2012) 'The Relationship Between Performances on Neuropsychological Symptom Validity Testing and the MCMI-III in Patients With Fibromyalgia.', Clin Neuropsychol. 2012, vol., no. [Epub ahead of print, March 2012].

Schweinhardt, P et al (2012) 'Fibromyalgia as a disorder related to distress and its therapeutic implications', Pain Research and Treatment, vol. 2012, no. [Epub ahead of print, March 2012].

Kantermann, T et al (2012) 'Fibromyalgia syndrome and chronotype: late chronotypes are more affected', J Biol Rhythms, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 176-179 [Epub ahead of print, April 2012]

Sañudo, B et al (2012) ‘Effects of Exercise Training and Detraining in Patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A 3-Yr Longitudinal Study', Am J Phys Med Rehabil., vol. 2012, no. [Epub ahead of print, March 2012].

Staud, R et al (2008) 'Brain Activity Associated with Slow Temporal Summation of C-fiber Evoked Pain in Fibromyalgia Patients and Healthy Controls', Eur J Pain., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1078-1089 [Epub ahead of print, November 2008].

Munguía-Izquierdo, D et al (2012) 'Reliability and Validity of a Low Load Endurance Strength Test for Upper and Lower Extremities in Patients With Fibromyalgia', Arch Phys Med Rehabil., vol. 2012, no. [Epub ahead of print, April 2012].

Tort, S et al (2012) 'Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) for fibromyalgia syndrome', Cochrane Database Syst Rev., vol. 18, no. 4, [Epub ahead of print, April 2012].

Guieu, R et al (2012) 'High cell surface CD26-associated activities and low plasma adenosine concentration in fibromyalgia', Annals of Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 10, no. [Epub ahead of print, April 2012].

Mohammad, A et al (2012) 'Prevalence of fibromyalgia among patients with chronic hepatitis C infection: relationship to viral characteristics and quality of life', Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 407-412 [Epub ahead of print, May 2012].

Wierwille, L (2012) 'Fibromyalgia: diagnosing and managing a complex syndrome', Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 184-192 [Epub ahead of print, November 2011].

Craggs, JG et al (2012) 'Effective connectivity among brain regions associated with slow temporal summation of C-fiber-evoked pain in fibromyalgia patients and healthy controls', The Journal of Pain, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 390-400 [Epub ahead of print, April 2012].

Ramanathan, S et al (2012) 'Is Fibromyalgia An Endocrine/Endorphin Deficit Disorder? Is Low Dose Naltrexone a New Treatment Option?', Psychosomatics, vol. 2012, no. [Epub ahead of print, April 2012].

de Melo, LF et al (2012) 'Neuropsychological assessment of cognitive disorders in patients with fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus', Revista  brasilera de reumatologia, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 181-188 [Epub ahead of print, Mar-Apr 2012].

Fraga, BP et al (2012) 'Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular dysfunction in fibromyalgic patients', The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 615-618 [Epub ahead of print, March 2012].

Suk, J et al (2012) 'Association between Thyroid Autoimmunity and Fibromyalgia', Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes, vol. 2012, no. [Epub ahead of print, Apr 2012].


Auvinet, B., D. Chaleil, et al. (2011). ‘The interest of gait markers in the identification of subgroups among fibromyalgia patients.’ BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 12(1): 1-9.

Kim, Y. S., K. M. Kim, et al. (2011). ‘Women with fibromyalgia have lower levels of calcium, magnesium, iron and manganese in hair mineral analysis.’ J Korean Med Sci., 26(10): 1253-1257.
Ceko, M., M. C. Bushnell, et al. (2011). ‘Neurobiology Underlying Fibromyalgia Symptoms.’ Pain Research and Treatment, 2012: 1-8.
Fitzcharles, M. A. and M. B. Yunus (2011). ‘The Clinical Concept of Fibromyalgia as a Changing Paradigm in the Past 20 Years.’ Pain Research and Treatment, 2012: 1-8.
Thomas, R. J. (2011). ‘Sleep as a Window into the World of Fibromyalgia Syndrome.’ The Journal of Rheumatology, 38(12): 2499-2500.

Pellegrino, Mark J (2011) 'Weight Gain: Why it's a problem with Fibromyalgia and what to do about it.'  ProHealth July 13.

Payton, Larry (2012) 'Fibromyalgia and restless leg syndrome' Dr Shook's blog, 5th July

KF Holton, et al. (2012) 'Neurological effects of dietary glutamates may contribute to fibromyalgia symptoms for many' Prohealth, 9th July

Dellwo, Adrienne (2012) 'New drug formulation for Fibromyalgia moves forward' About.Com, 9th April

Johnson, Cort (2011) ‘A Fibromyalgia Doctor Steps Out: Dr. Dantini on Treating Fibromyalgia and CFS with AntiviralsPhoenix Rising Website, March 29.

Dellwo, Adrienne (2011) 'Finding footware with fibromyalgia', About.Com, 2nd March.

Barrow, Kate (2011) 'Patient voices: Fibromyalgia', The New York Times, February.

Dellwo, Adrienne (2010) 'Problems showering with Fibromyalgia and CFS', About.Com, 16th November.

Dellwo, Adrienne (2010) 'Small fiber neuropathy in fibromyalgia', About.Com, 11th October.

Belluck, Pam (2010) 'Tai Chi reported to ease fibromyalgia', New York Times, 18th August.

Sly, R (2010) 'Fibromyalgia Diagnosis: Can You Prove Disability To Obtain SSD Benefits?', Apr 24, 24-7 Press Release.

Pellegrino, J (2010) 'Fibromyalgia in Children and Teens - Risk Factors, Symptoms, and Treatment', Feb 24, Prohealth.

Pellegrino, J (2010) 'Dizziness on Rising - Dealing with a Common Symptom of Fibromyalgia and ME/CFS', Feb 19, Prohealth.

Lavergne, M R et al (2010) 'Functional impairment in chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, and multiple chemical sensitivity', Canadian Family Physician, vol. 56, pp. 57-65 [Full Article].

Pellegrino, M (2009) 'Nutritional Approaches in Fibromyalgia – Dr. Mark Pellegrino on Deficiencies, Symptoms, and Supplement Strategies' June 16th, ProHealth.

Oregon Fibromyalgia Research and Treatment Team (2008) 'Guidance for fibromyalgia patients who are having elective surgery - an update', Prohealth, [Full text, November 18].

Lapp, C (2008) 'Recommendations for persons with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (or Fibromyalgia) who are anticipating surgery', January 8th, ProHealth.

Journal Articles

Matsumoto, S et al (2011) 'Effects of thermal therapy combining sauna therapy and underwater exercise in patients with fibromyalgia', Complementary therapies in clinical practice, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 162-166 [Abstract, August].

Lamb, JJ et al (2011) 'A program consisting of a phytonutrient-rich medical food and an elimination diet ameliorated fibromyalgia symptoms and promoted toxic-element detoxification in a pilot trial', Altern Ther Health Med, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 36-44 [Abstract, Epub ahead of print, July].

Feraco, P et al (2011) 'Metabolic Abnormalities in Pain-Processing Regions of Patients with Fibromyalgia: A 3T MR Spectroscopy Study', AJNR Am J Neuroradiol, [Abstract, Epub ahead of print, July].

McDonald, M et al (2011) 'Musculoskeletal pain in the workforce: the effects of back, arthritis, and fibromyalgia pain on quality of life and work productivity', J Occup Environ Med, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 765-770 [Abstract, July].

Walitt, B et al (2011) 'The Longitudinal Outcome of Fibromyalgia: A Study of 1555 Patients', J Rheumatol, [Epub ahead of print, Abstract Jul 15].

Juuso, P et al (2011) 'Living with a double burden: Meanings of pain for women with fibromyalgia', Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being, vol. 6, no. 3, [Full Text, July13].

Xiao, Y et al (2011) 'A brain-derived neurotrophic factor polymorphism Val66Met identifies fibromyalgia syndrome subgroup with higher body mass index and C-reactive protein', Rheumatology International, pp. 1-7 [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, July 21].

Wang, F et al (2011) 'Early Improvement in Pain Predicts Pain Response at Endpoint in Patients with Fibromyalgia', J Pain, [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, July14].

Short, EB et al (2011) 'Ten sessions of adjunctive left prefrontal rTMS significantly reduces fibromyalgia pain: A randomized, controlled pilot study', Pain, [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, July15].

Olivares, PR et al (2011) 'Tilting whole body vibration improves quality of life in women with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial', J Altern Complement Med, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 723-728 [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, July12].

Busch, AJ et al (2011) 'Exercise Therapy for Fibromyalgia', Curr Pain Headache Rep, [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, July 5].

Fitzgerald, CT et al (2011) 'Possible role for glutamic acid decarboxylase in fibromyalgia symptoms: A conceptual model for chronic pain', Med Hypotheses [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, June 21].

Ang, DC et al (2011) ‘MCP-1 and IL-8 as Pain Biomarkers in Fibromyalgia: A Pilot Study’, Pain Med,  [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, June 30].

Bennett, RM et al (2011) 'Fibromyalgia, myofascial pain, tender points and trigger points: splitting or lumping?’, Arthritis Res Ther, vol. 13, no. 3, p. 117 [Full Text, Jun 30].

Davenport, TE et al (2011) 'Reliability and validity of Short Form 36 Version 2 to measure health perceptions in a sub-group of individuals with fatigue', Disabil Rehabil, [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, Jun 20].

Light, AR et al (2011) 'Gene expression alterations at baseline and following moderate exercise in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Syndrome', J Intern Med, [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, May 26].

Cao, H et al (2011) 'Medicinal cupping therapy in 30 patients with fibromyalgia: a case series observation', Forsch Komplementmed, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 122-126 [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, May24].

Clark, P et al (2011) 'Diagnosis and pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatment of fibromyalgia. Compendium of the best evidence', Drugs Today (Barc), vol. 47, pp. 1-28 [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, April].

Mahdi, AA et al (2011) 'Abnormality of circadian rhythm of serum melatonin and other biochemical parameters in fibromyalgia syndrome', Indian J Biochem Biophys, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 82-87 [Abstract, April].

Ge, HY et al (2011) ‘Reproduction of overall spontaneous pain pattern by manual stimulation of active myofascial trigger points in fibromyalgia patientsArthritis Research and Therapy, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. R48 [Abstract, Epub ahead of print, March 22].

Winkelmann, A et al (2011) 'Impact of fibromyalgia severity on health economic costs: results from a European cross-sectional study', Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 125-136 [Abstract, Mar 1].

McCarburg, BH (2011) 'Clinical overview of fibromyalgia', American Journal of Therapeutics, [Epub ahead of print, Feb 15].

Smith, H et al (2011) 'Fibromyalgia: An Afferent Processing Disorder Leading to a Complex Pain Generalized Syndrome', Pain Physician, vol. 14, pp. 217-245 [Full Text, February 11].

Wolfe, F et al (2011) 'Fibromyalgia Criteria and Severity Scales for Clinical and Epidemiological Studies: A Modification of the ACR Preliminary Diagnostic Criteria for Fibromyalgia', Journal of Rheumatology, [Epub ahead of print, Abstract, February].

Sperber, AD et al (2011) 'Validation of New Symptom-Based Fibromyalgia Criteria for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Co-morbidity Studies', Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 67-72 [Full Text, January].

Wolfe, F et al (2011) 'Mortality in fibromyalgia: a study of 8,186 patients over thirty-five years', Arthritis Care and Research, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 94-101 [Abstract, January].

Castro-Sanchez, AM et al (2011) 'Benefits of massage-myofascial release therapy on pain, anxiety, quality of sleep, depression, and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia', Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2011, pp. 561753 [Abstract, January].

Bazzichi, L et al (2010) 'Detection of potential markers of primary fibromyalgia syndrome in human saliva – Source: Proteomics, Clinical Applications, Nov 2009', ProHealth, [Full Text, December 9].

Viola-Saltzman, M (2010) 'High prevalence of restless legs syndrome among patients with fibromyalgia: a controlled study', Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 423-427 [Abstract, October].

Clauw, D (2010) 'Pain management: fibromyalgia drugs are 'as good as it gets' in chronic pain', vol. 6, pp. 439-440 [Full Article, August].

Napadow, V et al (2010) 'Intrinsic brain connectivity in fibromyalgia is associated with chronic pain intensity', vol. 62, no. 8, pp. 2545-2555, [Abstract, August].

Kayiran, S et al (2010) 'Neurofeedback Intervention in Fibromyalgia Syndrome; a Randomized, Controlled, Rater Blind Clinical Trial', Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback, [Epub ahead of print, July 8].

Okifuji, A et al (2010) 'Sequential Analyses of Daily Symptoms in Women With Fibromyalgia Syndrome', Journal of Pain, [Epub ahead of print, June 28].

Smith, HS et al (2010) 'Fibromyalgia syndrome: A discussion of the syndrome and pharmacotherapy', American Journal of Therapeutics, [Epub ahead of print, June 16].

Kranzler, JD & Gendreau RM (2010) 'Role and rationale for the use of milnacipran in the management of fibromyalgia', vol. 6, pp. 197-208 [Full Article, May 25].

Waterman, K (2010) 'New criteria proposed for diagnosing Fibromyalgia', Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News, May 24.

Branco, JC et al (2010) 'A European Multicenter Randomized Double-blind Placebo-controlled Monotherapy Clinical Trial of Milnacipran in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia', Journal of Rheumatology, [Epub ahead of print, Feb 15]

Vallejo, MA et al (2010) 'Development of a self-reporting tool to obtain a Combined Index of Severity of Fibromyalgia (ICAF*)', Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, vol. 8, no. 1, [Epub ahead of print].

Mannerkorpi, K et al (2009) 'Pool exercise for patients with fibromyalgia or chronic widespread pain: a randomized controlled trial and subgroup analyses', Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 751-760 [Abstract, Sept].

Mease, P (2009) 'Further strategies for treating fibromyalgia: the role of serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors', The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 122, supplementary 12, pp.s44-55. [Abstract]

Feng J et al (2009) 'Missense mutations in the MEFV gene are associated with fibromyalgia syndrome and correlate with elevated IL-1beta plasma levels', PLoS One, vol. 4, no. 12, e.  8480. [Abstract]

Goldenberg, DL (2009) 'Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of fibromyalgia', The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 122, supplementary 12, pp.s14-21. [Abstract]

Casale, R et al (2009) 'Central motor control failure in fibromyalgia: A surface electromyography study', BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, [EPub, Full Article]

Bennett, Robert (Year unknown) ‘Do I have lupus or fibromyalgia?’, Fibromyalgia Information Foundation, date unknown.

Bennett, Robert (Year unknown) ‘Understanding Myofascial pain’, Fibromyalgia Information Foundation, date unknown.

Fox, Robert et al (Year unknown) ‘Fibromyalgia and Sjogren’s syndrome’, Fibromyalgia Information Foundation, date unknown.


 Lecture Presentation

Lecture 2012 Dr Andrew Gross  UCSF- 'Fibromyalgia: It's Real It's Manageable What You Can Do'